제목 : Mary Wroth’s Constant Advice to Early Stuart Regime through her Veiled Political Text, Urania*
- 저자 : 고찬미 - 조회수 : 55 - Download : 3
- 참 조 : 영미문학페미니즘 제27권 1호(2019)
- 논문 받기 : 2.고찬미.pdf (290.0 KB),
Mary Wroth casts Urania, who unmistakably speaks for the author as the title protagonist of Urania, in the role of a pragmatic counselor with the power of reason. Urania’s advice brings to mind Lipsius’s precepts of constancy. In early Stuart England, Lipsian constancy was sought in the place of English Parliament in order for MPs to preserve their right and duty as a counselor to the King. In this regard, Wroth’s use of the term constancy extends to the public discussion of civic virtue. Urania is initially regarded as an insignificant woman whose advice is not worth listening to. However, Urania proves that she is worthy as a reasonable and great counselor. By demonstrating that women are also eligible as an effective counselor, Wroth herself participates in the public discourse of Lipsian constancy and Tacitism. Wroth, who could not officially present petitions to the King, deployed her political advice within her Urania. In the midst of James’s prohibition on freedom of speech, Wroth implicitly criticizes the King’s misrule as she materializes the political fantasy on the stage of Urania through the representation of the idealized king. Wroth strategically veils her warnings against the royal misrule as she averts the attention of readers from her treatment of political matters by publicizing her private story, the scandal with William Herbert. By casting Herbert in the role of an idealized Emperor, Veiled Political Text, Urania Wroth brings to the fore the contrast between the pseudo-pacifist King James and the warlike Herbert. Furthermore, Wroth offers her own advice on the best form of government by representing a limited monarchy in Urania. Disguising herself as an ignorant woman to veil her serious political counsel, Wroth present Urania as her own version Petition of Rights to James.