제목 : 드라큘라에 나타난 가톨릭주의와 억압된 욕망
- 저자 : 손영희     - 조회수 : 73  - Download : 8
- 참 조 : 영미문학페미니즘 제 27권 2호 (2019)  
- 논문 받기 :
4.손영희.pdf (491.1 KB),   


Catholicism and Repressed Desires in Dracula
Abstract Younghee Son
In this paper, I argue that the characterization of Van Helsing and
Dracula is built upon Ruskin’s dichotomization of Christianity as
medieval proto-Protestantism (Protestant Catholicism) and Roman
Catholicism. Ruskin’s dichotomy relies on the demonization of Roman
Catholicism which is viewed as promoting homosexuality and female
sexuality. Protestant Crusaders are initially suspicious of the use of
Catholic symbols that Van Helsing introduces. However, it is not their
science and technology but Catholic rituals of exorcism that can
overpower Dracula. By demonstrating the magical power of Catholic
symbols, Van Helsing leads them to accept Protestant Catholicism.
However, in contrast to Dracula’s protestant spirit of rebellion against
accepted norms, Van Helsing seems to be a repressive Roman
Catholic Inquisitor who performs a sadistic ritual of staking Lucy to
defend the norms of gender and sexuality. Thus it is difficult to
contain Van Helsing and Dracula within Ruskin’s dichotomy. The fact
that Jonathan Harker catalyzes the reintroduction of Roman
Catholicism in Britain implies that Dracula is equivalent to the Oxford
Movement. Since Catholicism is accepted by Protestants in Dracula, it
becomes evident that the conventions of Gothic fiction that entail the
demonization of Catholicism are not viable in the twentieth century.

Keywords : Catholicism, Protestantism, Ruskin, repressed desires,
homosexuality, Dracula, Van Helsing, Oxford Movement,
Gothic conventions



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