제목 : A Lacanian Nameless Figure in Frances Burney’s Evelina
- 저자 : Sungjin Jang     - 조회수 : 77  - Download : 2
- 참 조 : 영미문학페미니즘 제 27권 2호 (2019)  
- 논문 받기 :
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A Lacanian Nameless Figure in Frances Burney’s Evelina
Abstract Sungjin Jang
The word “peculiar” in Frances Burney’s novel Evelina appears
three times in reference to Evelina’s situation and Evelina herself.
Evelina is an abandoned and a displaced daughter. She is forbidden
to claim herself as the legal daughter of Sir Belmont. Moreover,
Evelina is displaced by a woman misunderstood as the biological
daughter of Sir Belmont. In this paper, aside from these textual
explanations of her peculiar situation, I would like to view her
situation through the lens of Lacan’s theory of language; Evelina is
neither named nor fathered, if I may borrow Lacan’s theory of
language. For Lacan, the subject enters ‘the symbolic’ by accepting
the Law of the Father or the Name of the Father represented as
language. Therefore, as soon as the subject obeys the Law of the
Father, it is named, fathered, and, in turn, regarded as the subject of
‘the symbolic.’ In this respect, Evelina’s namelessness means that she
is not appropriately placed as the subject, and, as a result, she is
subjected to assault. Thus, Evelina both as a woman and a misplaced
subject suffers more bitterly than other female characters in this
novel. She has no way to protect herself other than to get married so
that she can be a named figure, which eventually fails because she
has not been legally proved to be Sir John Belmont’s daughter.

Keywords : Frances Burney, Evelina, Freud, Lacan, the Name of the
Father, nameless, feminine subject, a chain of signifiers



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