제목 : The Little Memsahib and the Idealized Domestic Empire in Frances Hodgson Burnett’s A Little Princess
- 저자 : Eunhae Kim,JiEun Kim     - 조회수 : 787  - Download : 20
- 참 조 : 영미문학페미니즘 제23권 1호(2015)  
- 논문 받기 :
4.Eun_hae_Kim_and_Ji_Eun_Kim.pdf (239.5 KB),   


Frances Hodgson Burnett’s A Little Princess (1905) focuses
on the often neglected daughter’s role and how she contributes to
British imperial culture in the late nineteenth to early twentieth
century. While various scholars have presented postcolonial
critiques of A Little Princess, not much critical attention has been
paid to the figure of the memsahib and how it influences the
identity of the protagonist, Sara Crewe. When Ram Dass confers
on Sara the position of “Missee Sahib,” or a little version of the
memsahib, he attaches to the eleven-year-old girl a complicated
position of gendered colonial authority. A tension emerges, then,
between the historically troubling character of the memsahib and
the fantastical character of the fairy-tale-like princess. This paper
argues that this tension disappears by the novel’s conclusion
because Sara as the little memsahib is reshaped into a fantastical
and benevolent princess figure to govern the ideal domestic
empire. We begin by examining the genre of children’s literature
and how the colony serves as a device to construct the more
fantastical plot elements. We proceed to consider the crucial role
of the servants in making Sara into an authority figure, and
finally, we problematize the novel’s happy ending in which the
issues of race, class, and empire are foreclosed.

Key Words: Frances Hodgson Burnett, A Little Princess, Victorian Era,
Children’s Literature, Domestic Empire, Memsahib,
Gender



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