제목 : The Two Emmas: Female Education as Return on Capital and as Source of Income
- 저자 : Fang Li     - 조회수 : 612  - Download : 17
- 참 조 : 영미문학페미니즘 제22권 3호(2014)  
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4.Fang_Li.pdf (226.2 KB),   



Jane Austen and Charlotte Brontë shared a century, a
homeland, and even some of the same characters, and both
authors attempted manuscripts, both titled Emma, concerned with
female education (though Brontë’s death prevented her from
writing more than two chapters). In this paper, however, I suggest
that far more divides the books than joins them. I discuss what
Thomas Piketty’s categories of “r” (return on capital) and “g”
(growth from earned income) mean for female education. For
Austen, female education is mostly a luxury consumer good
known as “accomplishments”; for Brontë, it is a future source of
income. Such economic differences condition the novelistic worlds
that they can realistically create. The two Emmas turn out to
represent two different moments of development. The first Emma
presents a realism of externally determined types and diminutive
and often comic details. The second Emma presents a realism of
isolated and frequently damned individuals, in which a social
phenomenon is isolated and contrasted with all others of its type.
Like marriages, these novels are made by women, but not just as
they choose.

Key Words: Emma, female education, Austen, Brontë, Thomas
Piketty, return on capital, earned income



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